STAINLESS STEEL CARE v | www.eurolux.co.za HOW TO CLEAN STAINLESS STEEL THINGS YOU’LL NEED 1. Warm water 2. Soft cloths or sponges 3. Mild detergent or ammonia solution 4. “Handy Andy”,“VIM”or similar abrasive cleaners STEPS 1. Attend to stains as quickly as possible. Stainless steel does not hold stains easily, but it’s best to clean up spills and marks as quickly as possible. While it will probably be possible to remove a stain after it sets, it will require more work with potentially damaging or scratching cleaners. 2. Fill a sink or bucket with warm, soapy water or a weak ammonia and water solution. Stainless steel is durable, but can be sensitive to harsh cleaners, so for routine cleaning, use a gentle detergent, such as dish soap. Dilute the detergent with very warm water. It is better to have too little detergent than too much. 3. Soak the object to be cleaned in the soapy water. If you are cleaning some- thing small, such as a stainless pan, you can soak it to help remove burnt- on food or other stains if necessary. For really tough jobs, soak overnight. For larger objects or lightly soiled dishes, skip this step. 4. Wet a soft towel or dish cloth in the soapy water. If you’ve soaked the stainless steel, you will probably need to change the water now so that it is clean and warm. Whenever possible, avoid using an abrasive cloth on stainless steel. Instead, get a soft cloth or nylon sponge, dip it in the water-detergent solution, and wring it out thoroughly. If you prefer to use a cleaning brush, choose one with soft bristles. 5. Scrub the stainless steel. Take your cloth and softly scrub the surface. It is typically not necessary to press very hard. If the stainless steel has a polished finish, scrub with the finish, not against it, and avoid scrubbing with a circular motion. Rinse and wring out your cloth frequently to keep it damp and to avoid smearing potentially abrasive contaminants over the surface of the steel. 6. Rinse thoroughly with warm, clean water. Using a clean cloth or sponge, wet and wipe down the stainless steel. Be sure to remove all the detergent residue - it can leave streaks and a rainbow-coloured discolouration. 7. Repeat if necessary. The gentle cleaning should take care of most dirt and contaminants, but if stains persist, repeat the process. Be patient - persistent scrubbing will usually win out over even the toughest stains. 8. Apply a mild abrasive cleaner. Only apply an abrasive product after you’ve exhausted your patience scrubbing. Start by trying a paste of water and sodium bicarbonate (baking soda). Rub the paste onto the stainless steel with a soft cloth. Again, exercise patience, scrub well and rinse thoroughly. 9. Go all out. If the combination of soaking, detergent and a mild abrasive didn’t work, you’re going to have to get serious. Apply a more caustic abra- sive cleaner such as the commercial brands of“VIM”. To do this, wet a cloth or sponge with hot water, put the abrasive on one side and, moving in the direction of the stainless steel grain, apply the abrasive side of the cloth to the stainless steel. 10. Flip the towel over to the side without the abrasive, and remove the cleaner you just applied (again in the direction of the grain). Keep this towel hot and damp, but not dripping wet. 11. Rinse thoroughly and dry. Immediately after wiping off the abrasive cleaner, rinse well using clean, warm water. Dry the stainless steel using a second cloth, again rubbing with the grain. TIPS 1. Clean often. You probably regularly clean stainless steel dishes, but most people let contaminants build up on larger objects. The more frequently you clean, the easier cleaning will be and the less chance you will have of contaminants damaging the stainless steel’s protective film. 2. If you have one, use a dishwasher for stainless steel dishes. Dishwashers are perfect for cleaning small stainless steel objects. They use very warm water, gentle cleaners, and are persistent and gentle in their“scrubbing.”For really tough rust stains or heat discolouration, apply a 10% solution of nitric acid (aqua fortis). This is generally only for industrial use. 3. If you just can’t get a stain out by soaking and gentle cleaning, you may just want to leave it. An isolated stain or discolouration is preferable to the potential damage to the finish that could result from applying a harsh chemical to the stainless steel. Oven cleaner works fine, spray on and wait 1 hour, then wipe off. WARNINGS 1. Be careful when mixing any types of cleaners. Don’t mix commercial clean- ers, such as“Handy Andy”, with vinegar or with other brands. 2. Do not apply bleach to stainless steel. Stainless steel is sensitive to chlorine, and contact with bleach will result in staining and damage to the protective film. 3. Nitric acid is a highly corrosive chemical and should not be used if you are not familiar with proper handling and disposal techniques. Stainless Steel is one of the most resilient materials available for a wide range of household and industrial uses. Its chromium film ensures its resistance to rust and tarnish, and with proper care this film can provide protection for many years, however it is not maintenance free. The integrity of the film can be damaged by dirt and other contaminants, so stainless steel must be kept clean. Follow these guidelines to keep your stain- less shining.